Why outsource investment management?
Trust Advisor’s 2015 guide to America’s best TAMPs offers compelling reasons.
This article examined why some advisors resist using separately managed accounts, concluding that it doesn’t have to be an all-or-nothing proposition. For those advisors who choose to go the route of fee-based third-party money management (which has now turned into a fast-growing majority of advisors, according to several studies), The Trust Advisor’s 2015 America’s Best TAMPs guide is an excellent resource for looking at the ins and outs of turnkey asset-management programs.
As a side note, in the acronym-filled world of financial services, this particular sector offers plenty of interesting challenges—even for those who have been around the industry for a while. It starts at the most basic level, with the “P” in the acronym TAMP, which is referred to at times as program, provider, or platform. TAMPs are also often viewed erroneously as interchangeable with TPMs (third-party asset managers), OCIOs (outsourced chief investment officers), SMAs (separately managed accounts), and UMAs (unified managed accounts). While all of these can share some attributes and functionality, they are different slices of the outsourced investment management pie. The 2015 guide provides an excellent glossary of terms to help define many of the differences.
EXHIBIT 1: ADVISOR FEE-BASED REVENUES CONTINUE TO GROW (% OF TOTAL)
So, what is a TAMP anyway?
Investopedia offers this broad definition:
What benefits do TAMPs offer financial professionals entrusted with client money?
According to the 2015 guide, TAMPs are a “win-win-win” solution for utilizing outsourced investment management to deliver enhanced capabilities and results for clients, advisors, and wealth management firms. The guide notes that despite uneven growth over the last 30 years, TAMPs have now turned the corner and are ready to become the dominant model of investment management within the retail wealth-management space. Outsourced investment management “is fast becoming a best practice for trust companies, broker-dealers, registered investment advisor firms (RIAs), and family offices.”
What is driving this growth? The following positive attributes are cited as compelling “reasons why” for the popularity of the more robust TAMPs:
- They feature a platform with selected and vetted investment manager options, while supporting functions that range from reporting to compliance to operations.
- They allow for more efficient client processing, more variety in money manager styles and products, and improved profitability over most in-house solutions.
- They enable financial advisors of all stripes to talk with their clients more often and effectively through mobile and web-based channels. Clients are receiving faster information and greater self-service options, leading to more satisfied and loyal customers.
- An outsourced capability allows the financial advisor the freedom and time to interact with the client and provide the greatest value to the relationship.
Why outsource investment management?
This goes to the heart of the issue of “letting advisors do what they do best.” Says the 2015 guide:
TAMPs provide a variety of services, but all TAMPs have two major functions in common: (1) They provide a platform for wealth advisors on which to manage client relationships; (2) They provide third-party professional-grade (institutional) asset managers to manage the clients’ assets.
TAMPs have now turned the corner and are ready to become the dominant model of investment management within the retail wealth-management space.
EXHIBIT 2: ADVISOR ATTITUDES ON RISK ARE CHANGING
What criteria should be used for evaluating TAMPs? The 2015 guide identifies some key factors:
Does the TAMP provide a full range of administrative support functions in addition to wealth management and portfolio solutions? Does it have first-class back-end reporting functions, administrative support, and accounting? Does it facilitate the ongoing advisor needs for opening and closing accounts and transferring assets between accounts?
Innovative risk management
Does the TAMP have access to innovative asset managers and allow a wide range of portfolio options for clients? Do featured asset managers provide strong emphasis on risk management, which has become a major client concern since the financial crisis of 2007–09?
Comprehensive services and solutions
Does the TAMP offer comprehensive servicing of a variety of account types, allowing the advisor in many cases to implement “one-stop” servicing for the needs of any specific client? Do asset managers on the platform offer a range of portfolio solutions appropriate for the diverse risk profiles of clients in an advisor’s client base?
Does the TAMP place an emphasis on anticipating the latest trends in technology and allow for ease of end-client and advisor access to account information? Forrester Research has said recently, “The same forces of digital disruption that upended music, travel, and news are now coming for retirement, wealth, and asset management.”
Does the TAMP, and assets managers on the platform, offer mechanisms for tracking portfolios to client goals? Says the 2015 guide, “Clients want to know which managers and portfolios are adding value, and most importantly, the progress made towards their goals. TAMP platforms that include products that lessen volatility will be well received by clients.”
Another key question associated with performance: Does the TAMP allow for fee transparency in conjunction with an advisor’s own fee compensation, so end-clients can clearly understand the total fee structure?
High industry standards
And, near the very top of the list, does the TAMP meet the highest industry standards, providing solid reassurance to advisors that their fiduciary responsibilities to clients are well-represented by both the TAMP itself and its third-party managers? Do they optimize for tax and trading efficiency? Do they have the capability to generate comprehensive investment policy statements?
Changing demographics of advisors and their clients
The 2015 guide emphasizes not only the changing landscape of technology and managed account solutions, but also the demographic changes in the wealth management industry for advisors and their client base. While advisors still tend to see the bulk of their relationships and assets under management (AUM) residing with individuals and couples nearing or in retirement, proactive advisors are already ahead of the curve in preparing for a new generation of both clients and their own new and younger associates and/or successors.
EXHIBIT 3: CHANGING CLIENT DEMOGRAPHICS
This carries implications for providing the most sophisticated investment solutions as well as the most current technologies and customer interfaces. Veteran advisors are faced with an interesting predicament—they must be “ambidextrous” in managing older clients while simultaneously attracting younger investors. As the guide says, and Exhibit 3 shows, “Wealth management is no longer all about the Baby Boomers, who have dominated the financial arena for the last 30 years. Changes in age, ethnicity, gender, and aspiration are affecting the ways advisors view prospective clients, and how clients view advisors.”
To paraphrase the 2015 guide: Younger advisors appreciate and utilize the technological capabilities of TAMP platforms. While face-to-face client service remains the standard for wealthier and older clients, a firm should not get locked into a single delivery channel solution. Millennial clients, who also favor advanced technologies, have come to expect fast, convenient, and efficient service from anywhere, at any time of the day. Nielsen reports that this group makes up 14.7% of those with assets in excess of $2 million, making them the second most profitable segment behind Baby Boomers. Advisors would be wise to incorporate technology into their approach.
Some final thoughts
Today, it is estimated that over $250 billion of client money resides at TAMPs. Industry studies show that AUM in “managed solutions” for client accounts continues to grow at a double-digit rate. While even the largest TAMPs are generally not well-known retail brands, they are a growing force in the wealth management industry. To summarize the closing thoughts of the 2015 America’s Best TAMPs guide:
The platforms, built for managing clients’ needs directly, allow for more efficiency in every step of the client interaction. For an advisor, using a TAMP means more time with clients, more assets gathered, and more referrals per marketing dollar. The client benefits as they get better investment solutions as they and their advisor sit on the same side of the table. Clients come to understand that by using the TAMP model, their advisor is taking a long-term, holistic approach to managing their wealth.