Several economic data points on inflation came in below consensus last week for the month of April.
One notable reading was on overall wholesale prices, which saw relative declines in April versus the rate of change for March. The producer price index (PPI) for April came in with a headline increase of only 0.1%, well below the consensus range of 0.2%–0.5%.
Barron’s points out that while steel and aluminum prices did rise steeply in April due to the ongoing tariff issue, the rate of overall year-over-year wholesale price increases declined from March. They wrote, “Year-on-year rates are at 2.8 percent overall and 2.1 percent ex-food ex-energy, which are down 6 and 7 tenths respectively from March in results that do not point to a repeat of March’s big spikes in the PCE yearly rates.”
FIGURE 1: PRODUCER PRICE INDEX, FINAL DEMAND, M/M % CHANGE
Source: Barron’s, Haver Analytics, Bureau of Labor Statistics
Barron’s further noted, “Tariffs may be adding some pressure at the base of the wholesale price pipeline, but there’s no evidence of it moving higher. For a Federal Reserve that is increasingly conscious of an upward risk to inflation, today’s results do not raise many alarms.”
Last week’s consumer price index (CPI) report also came in lower than expectations, showing an increase of only 0.1% versus expectations of a 0.3% gain. Gasoline prices were one of the exceptions, with a yearly rate of change of 13.4%. Overall, April showed a 2.5% rate of annual change in consumer prices, which matched forecasts.
The Fed’s preferred measure of inflationary pressures, core personal consumption expenditures (PCE), came in at a rate of change versus a year ago of just under 1.9%. With a Fed target of 2% inflation, Barron’s said, “Today’s results don’t point to any new threat, instead they reawaken concern, despite gasoline and housing, that inflation isn’t up to speed.”
FIGURE 2: FIVE-YEAR TREND FOR CORE PCE PRICE INDEX
FIGURE 3: CONSUMER PRICE INDEX, M/M % CHANGE
Source: Barron’s, Haver Analytics
Bespoke Investment Group summed up last week’s reports on wholesale and consumer price trend data in a positive fashion:
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